Qashqai are based in the Fars region; which is the land of original Persians. It was the heart of the Achaemenid Empire and an important section of the Sassanian kingdom and indeed it has always been one of the most important regions of Iran through out its history. During the reign of Karim Khan Zand Shiraz was the capital of Iran. Consequently with such rich history comes a very rich culture and art.
The nomads trekked twice annually from their warmer winter pastures in the southern lowlands to the cooler summer grounds in the northern highlands.
Tribal rugs are generally smaller than rugs woven in urban workshops. This is because of the limitations that exist during migration; when the loom has to be dismantled; rolled round a tent pole and set up again at the next encampment. Obviously this causes some irregularities in the rug, which is part of the charm of these nomadic pieces and considered acceptable; whereas it would be considered a fault in an urban rug.
Qashqai rugs are woven with the Turkish knot and they usually have woollen warps and wefts.
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