Turkmen (also Turkamen, Turkoman, Turkaman) are handmade tribal rugs woven by Turkmen tribes living in northern Iran as well as in Afghanistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Syria. One of the largest Turkmen tribes are the Tekes, so some Turkmen rugs are called Tekes. They are also called Bokhara, Afghan and even Caucasian. Many Turkmen carpets have geometric patterns, called ‘guls’ which are not usually found in other Persian carpets. Turkmen rugs are very soft and can be burgundy, red, blue, green, or beige.
Ersari is a language spoken by Turkmen tribes now mostly living in Northern Afghanistan, so an Ersari rug can also be called an Afghan Turkmen rug. They use softer brick, dusty rose, brownish reds while their blues can range from almost black to robin’s egg blue.
The Yamout (also: Yomut) are a Turkmen tribe found in Turkmenistan and northeast Persia. They are farmers, semi-nomads, and in remote regions still retain much of their ancient lifestyle. After Salors, Yamout rugs display the widest colour variation of all Turkmen weavers.
Mori (also: Mowri, Mouri) are hand-knotted by Pakistani weavers using high quality wool, and often, highlights of silk. Mori rugs have very soft piles of wool and generally have geometric patterns. Mori rugs are now made in new attractive colours to suit modern taste. The weave is single knot and craftsmanship is fine.
The Teke (also Tekke) are the dominant Turkmen tribe in the second half of the 19th century, makers of a great variety of refined weavings. The Teke are the major producers of the Bokhara.
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